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单兵自主导航技术研究
徐海刚,吴亮华,杨军,李海军,姜述明
0
(北京自动化控制设备研究所)
摘要:
针对美国MicroPNT计划中的单兵导航技术开展了理论分析、样机研制及试验工作,设计了单兵导航技术的基本原理、系统组成和基本算法,分析了室内作业的定位和指挥需求,分析了影响系统实现和定位精度的关键因素,研制了原理样机并开展了导航试验,结果表明:采用微机电惯导系统+零速修正的方案来实现单兵导航的方案是可行的;以目前微机电惯性仪表的性能水平,有望实现100米/小时的定位精度;随着微型惯性仪表性能的提高,有望在5-10年内实现定位精度10米/天的单兵自主导航系统。
关键词:  单兵导航  惯性技术  零速修正  微机电惯导
DOI:
基金项目:总装预研基金(12HT33103)
Research on Autonomous Navigation Technique of Individual Soldier
XU Hai-gang,WU Liang-hua,YANG Jun,LI Hai-jun,JIANG Shu-ming
(Beijing Automatic Control and Equipment Institute)
Abstract:
According to the plan of Micro-PNT of America, the basic principles and system components of navigation technique of individual soldier are researched. The main influential factors to system implementation and navigation precision are analyzed. The principle prototype is designed and used in the navigation experiment. The experiment shows that the scheme of navigation technique for individual soldier using MEMS and ZUPT technique is feasible. According to the performance of MEMS device at present, Achieving to the navigation precision of 100 meter/hour is hopeful. With the performance of MEMS device is improving, the navigation precision of 10 meter/day of autonomous navigation system of individual soldier will be achieved in 5~10 years.
Key words:  Navigation of individual soldier  Inertial technique  ZUPT  MEMS

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